8 Intelligences

Howard Gardner's Multiple Intelligences


The 8 multiple intelligences are explained below:

Linguistic intelligence

This is how we use language - to absorb, analyze and imbibe and to express one's thoughts and feelings with clarity so others may comprehend, understand, even enjoy them. This can be verbal or in written form. 

 

Logical-Mathematical intelligence

This is how we understand, manipulate and use logic, numbers and reasoning to understand how something works or detect a framework/pattern that exists or to create something.   

 

Spatial intelligence

This how we can visualize and represent a spatial world in our mind using concepts like form, shape, colour etc. and to be able to manipulate it or understand how things will impacted in a spatial dimension when we change something. Some practical examples of this are a chess player thinking several moves ahead as he/she has to visualize the different permutations of how the different pieces may move in the future or a pilot who is landing a plane. 


Bodily-kinesthetic intelligence

This is how we use various parts of our body or even our whole body to make something, find a solution to a problem or to convey meaning. Some practical examples of this are how a dancer uses their hands, legs and facial expressions to convey meaning or a sportsperson who uses their whole body to perform their sport or a surgeon who performs a complex procedure. 


Musical intelligence

This how we relate to sound and music, to be able to listen and absorb from sounds, to be able to think in musical rhythms and patterns, and to recognize these and manipulate them. A practical example is a composer who makes music or a music critic who is able to distinguish between various nuances in singing.

 

Interpersonal intelligence

This is how we relate to other people. It is about understanding them, working closely with them, cooperating and conveying to them what we are trying to say in a way they understand. A practical example of this is a teacher in a kindergarten classroom who has to understand and relate to each child, who is unique in their own way. 

Intrapersonal intelligence

This is how we understand ourselves and our emotions, moods, desires, being conscious of who we are, what we want to do, how to react, what not to do and more.  Practical examples of this are how spiritual leaders and philosophers act and think. 

 

Naturalistic intelligence

This is the ability to recognize, and understand various living things (plants, animals), as well as take cognizance of the nature around us. It also is the ability to analyze, classify and recognize patterns in these things.  This eighth intelligence was added to the list in 1997.